Industry Analysis & Industry Trends
Australia is a substantial alumina producer, accounting for about 20% of world production each year. Australian alumina production is expected to total 19.9 million tonnes in 2014-15, with volatility over the past five years due to large price changes. Alumina output is expected to decline in 2014-15, as Rio Tinto's Gove refinery ceased output in June 2014 and domestic demand from aluminium smelters falls. Alumina output surged in 2012-13 as the full-year effect of large expansions at the Worsley (WA) and Yarwun (QLD) refineries drove volume growth.
Although some alumina is smelted into aluminium locally, the bulk of output is exported. These exports, amounting to an expected 17.2 million tonnes in 2014-15, are expected to generate revenue of $6.6 billion for the year... purchase to read more
Industry Report - Industry Products Chapter
The industry only produces alumina, which can be differentiated by grade. The main product segment is smelter grade alumina, with the industry producing some calcined alumina.
Smelter grade alumina
Australia's alumina refineries mainly produce smelter grade alumina, which is used as a feedstock in the production of aluminium, together with negligible quantities of alumina chemical by-products. Alumina production is sometimes also referred to as bauxite refining, with smelter grade alumina produced at a refining temperature up to 1,000 degrees Celsius. Firms involved in alumina refining are also typically engaged in bauxite mining and aluminium smelting (South32 Limited has aluminium smelting operations overseas)... purchase to read more